Turkey ranks 19th in terms of population, age at first birth is increasing
Turkey’s population may be aging, but it still leads most countries. Ahead of World Population Day, which will be celebrated on Sunday, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) released population figures based on data from 2020.
With 83.3 million inhabitants, the country now ranks 19th out of 235 countries, or, in other words, constitutes 1.1% of the world’s population. Current figures show it is slightly behind its eastern neighbor, Iran, which has only about 600,000 more people, in China’s top list.
This year’s World Population Day numbers focus on reproductive health. TurkStat reports that the teenage fertility rate or the fertility rate among women aged 15 to 19 has fallen to 15 per 1,000 people, from 49 per 1,000 two decades ago.
The average age of mothers who give birth, meanwhile, was 29 years old last year, up from 26.7 in 2001.
Reproductive health, access to reproductive health services has been overshadowed by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) says the pandemic threatens the health of everyone, but especially the vulnerable population. It draws attention to women and girls who do not have access to reproductive health services and family planning methods, as well as to those at risk of domestic violence in countries with inadequate health systems. during the pandemic. He calls on countries to prioritize reproductive health services.
Figures from TurkStat show that the number of live births fell by a few hundred thousand in 2020, but it is still around 1.1 million per year.
Another important indicator of reproductive health is the total fertility rate, which is the average number of children a woman could have during her reproductive period or between 15 and 4 years old. The total fertility rate was 2.38 children in 2001 and fell to 1.76 children last year. In other words, it remained below the population replacement level of 2.10.
The highest total fertility rate was that of ÅanlÄ±urfa, with 3.71 children. It is followed by another southeastern province, ÅÄ±rnak, with 3.22 children. AÄrÄ± and Siirt rounded off this trend of higher fertility rates than two other provinces in the eastern region. KarabÃ¼k and its neighbor Zonguldak, two Black Sea provinces, had the lowest rate, with 1.29 children. The highest age-specific fertility rate was in the 25-29 age group.
Statistics also show that the average age of first marriage, an important indicator of reproductive health, rose to 25.1 years in 2020, from 24.4 five years ago. TurkStat claims that age has a major impact on childbearing, as a later marriage invariably leads to later reproduction and a reduced period for pregnancy, which often leads to a lower number of births.
Although their numbers have declined since 2007, young people (aged 15-24) still make up 15.4% of Turkey’s total population. The country holds the title of the youngest nation in Europe. On the other hand, it also ranks 66th among 167 countries with large elderly populations. The number of people aged 65 and over has reached 7.9 million with an increase of 22.5% over the past five years. Experts link the aging trend to several factors, in particular better health care that prolongs life in the country, where longevity has increased in recent years. The average remaining lifespan was 18 years for people aged 65, according to statistics. TurkStat claims that Turkey is in a process of demographic transition or a “global aging process”.
âTurkey’s age structure has changed with advancements in public health, better living conditions, increasing levels of well-being and life expectancy as well as declining fertility and childbirth rates. mortality. The proportion of children and young people in the total population has decreased, while the proportion of old people Even though Turkey has a young population among the countries with higher age structure, the absolute number of old people is quite high TurkStat said in a statement in March.