Refugee Influx Emergency Vulnerability Assessment (REVA-5) – Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh – Synthesis Report (June 2022) – Bangladesh

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Summary

• Overall vulnerability levels have remained alarming since 2019 among Rohingya households. The latest findings showed that 95% of all Rohingya households are moderately to highly vulnerable and remain fully dependent on humanitarian assistance, similar to 2020 (96%) and 2019 (94%), with a gradual increase from 2017 (80%). These results reflect the slow economic recovery of an already fragile population without sources of income or livelihood opportunities.

• Overall host community vulnerability has shown an increasing trend since 2017 and has remained high since 2020, with 52% of the population moderately to highly vulnerable in 2021 compared to 51% in 2020. The main drivers were contraction economy and declining activity in most sectors, leading to reduced income opportunities and market volatility during the COVID-19 lockdown in a population heavily dependent on daily wage labor.

• The proportion of Rohingya households with inadequate food consumption (poor and borderline) improved in 2021 to 45%, from 50% the previous year – but still above 2019 pre-COVID-19 levels (42% ). In the host community, the proportion of inadequate food consumption increased in 2021 to reach 38 percent of surveyed households, driven by the increase in the proportion of households with borderline food consumption, showing continued challenges for the population of home to meet their food consumption needs since the start of the pandemic.

• A simulated scenario, discounting the value of assistance, showed that economic vulnerability would remain high with 94% of Rohingya households consuming below the Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB). This reflects the fragility of the camp economy and its total dependence on aid to meet the basic needs of almost all households.

• Despite the current level of humanitarian aid, 51% of Rohingya households cannot afford the MEB. Compared to 2020, economic vulnerability has increased slightly among Rohingya and host communities (by 2% each). This implies a significant dependence on humanitarian aid. This also indicates that the assistance can only partially cover household needs due to the underlying fragility of the population and market volatility.

• The share of monthly expenditure devoted to food remained high: 71% for Rohingya households and 65% for host communities. For Rohingya households, this is only slightly below the severe economic vulnerability threshold of 75%.

• Two-thirds of Rohingya households (68%) and half of host community households (52%) have relied on less preferred or less expensive foods for at least one day, representing the most common coping strategy. more frequently used for both populations. More than a third of Rohingya households (36%) and a quarter of host community households (25%) borrowed food or relied on support from friends or relatives.

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