International Day for Biological Diversity: call for urgent action to measure progress on critical biodiversity targets
For the first time, the Framework includes a proposed target that directly addresses the harvesting, use and trade of wild flora and fauna and targets that recognize the conservation and human benefits resulting from the legal and sustainable use of wild species.
However, TRAFFIC is concerned that many of the key indicators for monitoring progress towards the goals are still not developed. TRAFFIC believes this is an opportunity for governments and stakeholders to heed the advice and invest in the development of pre-existing or new surveillance measures.
TRAFFIC is encouraged that government support for wildlife harvest, use and trade targets continues to be strong. But without robust measurement of progress, the international community will be doomed to repeat the failure of previous Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
TRAFFIC Executive Director Richard Scobey.
Given the importance of wildlife use to economies, food security and livelihoods, TRAFFIC believes that concerns and challenges around harvesting, trade and use must be addressed at the national level. before they become global indicators. Therefore, indicators that assess sustainable use and highlight these issues at the national level will be essential.
“TRAFFIC is committed to supporting the development of robust indicators for the sustainable use of wildlife, particularly on how these country data-based indicators can be meaningful and useful at the national level, with the potential to s aggregation down to a regional or global indicator,” Scobey said.
Conserving effective indicators is essential as the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will set the national and global conservation agenda for the next ten to thirty years. Due to the complexity of an international agreement and the need for financial resources from each country to achieve the objectives, the process was not straightforward.
Last May saw the first physical meetings of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework and the subsidiary bodies of the Convention on Biological Diversity since 2020. Although some progress has been made, governments have not yet been able to agree on the final text of the framework and its objectives.
It is hoped that the text will be finalized at the fourth meeting of the OEWG to be held in Nairobi next month.
“As we move closer and closer to adopting the framework – which is due to take place at the meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity later this year – participants at the Nairobi meeting should come together and figure out how best to measure these vital targets,” insists Scobey.
Another stumbling block to consensus on the text of the Framework concerns the equitable sharing of the benefits of natural resources. TRAFFIC emphasizes the importance of the engagement of indigenous peoples and local communities to ensure the sustainable use of wildlife and equitably benefit all communities involved in harvesting.
“TRAFFIC is encouraged by the high-level financial commitments made at the UN Biodiversity Conference in Kunming, China last October, but there is still much more to be done. Many countries have expressed the need to successfully build the capacities needed to implement the ambitious goals of the Framework. Clear, transparent and structured mechanisms must be established to enable rapid access to these resources where they are most needed,” Scobey concluded.