Extension – Low Dimension http://lowdimension.net/ Tue, 17 May 2022 05:06:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://lowdimension.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-4-150x150.png Extension – Low Dimension http://lowdimension.net/ 32 32 Road repair, extension planned as trial continues – The Daily Reporter https://lowdimension.net/road-repair-extension-planned-as-trial-continues-the-daily-reporter/ Tue, 17 May 2022 05:06:00 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/road-repair-extension-planned-as-trial-continues-the-daily-reporter/ GREENFIELD – Plans are in place to redo a deficient section of road through a developing business park as litigation over the defect continues. The road will also be extended to accommodate development coming to the park. The city of Greenfield filed a lawsuit last year in Hancock County Circuit Court against the Indianapolis office […]]]>

GREENFIELD – Plans are in place to redo a deficient section of road through a developing business park as litigation over the defect continues.

The road will also be extended to accommodate development coming to the park.

The city of Greenfield filed a lawsuit last year in Hancock County Circuit Court against the Indianapolis office of GAI Consultants and Indianapolis-based contractors Milestone.

Greenfield has entered into agreements with the two companies on the infrastructure at Progress Park, on the north side of the city, where Elanco Animal Health and a factory of BeijingWest Industries operate. The deal is for the extension of Opportunity Parkway, a road that runs west of State Street to where it currently ends north of BeijingWest Industries.

According to the complaint, GAI and Milestone failed to properly manage unsuitable soils near an attenuated wetland while working on one of the phases of Opportunity Parkway, which resulted in cracks in the road.

“The geotechnical investigations carried out by GAI and its consultants were inadequate based on the frequency and location of the surveys and tests performed,” the complaint states, adding that GAI and Milestone were negligent.

The lawsuit accuses the two companies of breach of contract and seeks compensation for damages.

GAI filed a response in the case seeking a judgment in its favor, arguing that the city “has accepted the risk that subsurface conditions may differ from those encountered at the time and place explorations or surveys have been carried out”.

GAI also filed a lawsuit in the case against Indianapolis-based Earth Exploration, which performed a geotechnical assessment at Progress Park for GAI. If negligence is found in the case, Earth Exploration should be liable, according to GAI.

Milestone also filed a response seeking judgment in its favor, stating that the city’s damages, if any, “were caused, in whole or in part, by unforeseen subterranean conditions, including unsuitable ground conditions including the plaintiff knew or should have known.

The contractor is also accusing the city of breach of contract for failing to pay for work performed according to their agreement until the city issues a stop work order stemming from the inadequate conditions of the basement.

A jury trial is currently scheduled for April 2023.

The Greenfield Board of Public Works and Safety this month approved an agreement with Indianapolis-based Shear Property Group that provides two speculative warehouses on approximately 65 acres in Progress Park, at the southeast corner of Fortville Pike and CR East 300N.

The deal calls for Shear to fund the reconstruction of the failing portion of Opportunity Parkway, which is expected to swing farther south to avoid the conditions that made the original alignment unsuitable. Shear will also build a road connecting Opportunity Parkway to CR 300 north which the city will purchase.

Realigning the failing portion of Opportunity Parkway would cost approximately $500,000. Should he exceed that amount, Shear may seek compensation for the excess from the city’s tax increase funds, according to the agreement.

The agreement also states that if the city wins a settlement of its lawsuit against GAI and Milestone, it will be used to offset reconstruction costs.

The Greenfield Works Board has also approved new boreholes in the ground to precede the portion of the Opportunity Parkway realignment.

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Cavs insider says Rich Paul should pursue $180 million range extension for Darius Garland https://lowdimension.net/cavs-insider-says-rich-paul-should-pursue-180-million-range-extension-for-darius-garland/ Sun, 15 May 2022 13:49:12 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/cavs-insider-says-rich-paul-should-pursue-180-million-range-extension-for-darius-garland/ Cleveland Cavaliers guard Darius Garland is expected to order a major extension this coming offseason, and a Cavs insider expects his agent Rich Paul to push for a deal worth around $180 million. “Garland is eligible for a maximum contract extension,” wrote Terry Pluto of Cleveland.com. “It would be in the range of $180 million […]]]>

Cleveland Cavaliers guard Darius Garland is expected to order a major extension this coming offseason, and a Cavs insider expects his agent Rich Paul to push for a deal worth around $180 million.

“Garland is eligible for a maximum contract extension,” wrote Terry Pluto of Cleveland.com. “It would be in the range of $180 million over 5 years, and his agent would have to push for that to happen. Garland is 23 years old. He averaged 21.7 points, 8.6 assists and shot .462 (.383 on 3-pointers). The only question will be whether he can stay healthy — and the Cavs can’t play him 38 minutes a game like they did after the All-Star break.

Garland took a big step forward for the Cavaliers in the 2021-22 season, and he nearly took them to the playoffs. The Cavs couldn’t win either of their two games in the NBA play-in tournament and ultimately missed the playoffs.

Despite that, Garland proved Cleveland could rely on him to orchestrate the offense, with Collin Sexton missing most of the 2021-22 season with a knee injury.

Garland was No. 5 overall for the Cavs in the 2019 NBA Draft. He steadily improved in his first three NBA seasons, and the 2021-22 season was by far his best yet. .

The All-Star guard hit career highs in points, rebounds and assists per game and had a career-high 46.2% from the field.

It looks like Garland and Paul are going to make sure he’s financially in place for years to come in the offseason after posting such a strong third season.

The Cavs would be wise to lock Garland in for the long haul after taking such a big step to becoming a playoff team in the 2021-22 season with him in the lead.

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Ed Dept proposes 18-month extension requests for ARP expenses https://lowdimension.net/ed-dept-proposes-18-month-extension-requests-for-arp-expenses/ Fri, 13 May 2022 21:19:18 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/ed-dept-proposes-18-month-extension-requests-for-arp-expenses/ Listen to the article 5 minutes This audio is generated automatically. Please let us know if you have any comments. Diving brief: The U.S. Department of Education will consider requests from school districts for an 18-month extension of COVID-19 emergency fund spending under the U.S. bailout beyond the September 30 obligation deadline. 2024, according to […]]]>

This audio is generated automatically. Please let us know if you have any comments.

Diving brief:

  • The U.S. Department of Education will consider requests from school districts for an 18-month extension of COVID-19 emergency fund spending under the U.S. bailout beyond the September 30 obligation deadline. 2024, according to a May 13 letter from the department to AASA, the association of school principals.
  • The two-page letter says that if the obligation deadline — when a district commits to use certain funds — is based on legal and regulatory requirements, the department may approve requests for spending extensions for properly committed funds. . Approvals would be based on specific facts and circumstances, and longer extensions could be considered for “extraordinary circumstances”.
  • School system officials and education advocacy groups, such as AASA, have raised concerns that a tight spending schedule for the ARP—along with other circumstances such as supply chain challengesinflation and labor shortages – make it harder for districts to use ARP funds for needed facility upgrades.

Overview of the dive:

Daniel Domenech, executive director of AASA, said in a statement that the organization is “delighted” with the clarity the department has provided on the timeline that school systems must complete “desperately needed” school facility projects. ” and HVAC upgrades.

“Given inflation, supply chain issues and labor shortages, we know districts want to invest those funds wisely, and knowing they have 18 months additional funds to liquidate funding will hopefully provide them with the assurance needed to move forward with the use of ARP funds for these contracts and obligations,” Domenech said.

Spending extension requests will be filed by state education agencies on behalf of the districts. A blog post on the AASA website said the organization is confident that state education agencies “will not hesitate to apply for this additional expense track and that the process for doing so is familiar and simple”.

In January, AASA and 31 other education, health, environmental, labor and industry organizations asked the ministry flexibility with spending time. In a letter, they said it would be “almost impossible” for districts to meet the deadline given the logistical and personnel challenges.

Some school districts spend large amounts of their ESSER funds on facility upgrades, such as new HVAC systems, repairs and renovations. These facility upgrades often address needs that existed in school systems long before the pandemic, district officials said in talks about spending priorities for emergency funding.

A 2021 report from the 21st Century School Fund, the International Well Building Institute, and the National Council on School Facilities found that the United States was underinvestment in school buildings and land $85 billion each year.

A Government Accountability Office report in 2020 said that 41% of districts HVAC system upgrades or replacements required in at least half of their schools. The GAO study also found that of 55 schools visited in six states, half described HVAC issues in their buildings, including older systems that were leaking and damaging floors or ceiling tiles.

According to an analysis from FutureEd at Georgetown UniversityUsing information collected manually by data firm Burbio through April 19, a sample of spending plans from 4,155 school districts shows that more than half planned to use ESSER funds for HVAC systems.

These expenses can range from purchasing upgraded air filters for existing units to replacing systems that fail to heat or cool schools, FutureEd wrote on its website.

The impossibility of meeting spending deadlines was one of the biggest challenges school district finance officials face in managing federal relief funding, according to a survey by the Association of School Business Officials International, released this week.

ASBO survey results included responses from financial officers of 154 school districts in 35 states.

When asked how districts had spent ESSER money on facilities, the most popular expenditures in this category were investments to repair, replace or upgrade HVAC systems (47%) and to provide safer drinking water for students (28%). ASBO noted that 30% of districts said they spent no ESSER funds on installations, which was the second highest response after HVAC repairs, replacements and upgrades.

Tight deadlines are especially worrisome for small, rural school districts that may not have as many choices in contractors or materials or flexibility with revenue, or who are limited in the staff time needed to manage improvement projects. Competition between surrounding school systems in research and contracting with project managers or contractors is another concern, as many school systems may be planning to upgrade their facilities at the same time.

Friday’s letter from the Education Department, addressed to Domenech and written by Roberto Rodriguez, assistant secretary of the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development, said the department discourages districts from use emergency funds for new construction as this may limit a district’s ability to spend on “other more pressing needs related to the impact of the pandemic”, such as learning and emotional health and children’s minds.

Rodriguez wrote that school infrastructure projects related to addressing the impacts of the pandemic are generally permitted uses of funds. He said the department is pleased that many districts are using ARP money to improve indoor air quality.

In his statement, Domenech said AASA will continue to advocate with Congress for an extension of the September 30, 2024 obligation deadline for ARP funding.

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SIGNATURE BY GUILLEMOT BROTHERS LIMITED OF AN EXTENSION OF A PURCHASE AGREEMENT FOR UBISOFT ENTERTAINMENT SA SHARES https://lowdimension.net/signature-by-guillemot-brothers-limited-of-an-extension-of-a-purchase-agreement-for-ubisoft-entertainment-sa-shares/ Thu, 12 May 2022 05:10:11 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/signature-by-guillemot-brothers-limited-of-an-extension-of-a-purchase-agreement-for-ubisoft-entertainment-sa-shares/ Guillemot brothers FINANCIAL RELEASE Download the press release SIGNATURE BY GUILLEMOT BROTHERS LIMITED OF AN EXTENSION OF A PURCHASE AGREEMENT FOR UBISOFT ENTERTAINMENT SA SHARES London, May 12and2022 – Guillemot Brothers Limited announces that Guillemot Brothers Limited and a bank have implemented today an extension of an agreement initially dated September 1, 2017 and initially […]]]>

Guillemot brothers

FINANCIAL RELEASE

Download the press release

SIGNATURE BY GUILLEMOT BROTHERS LIMITED OF AN EXTENSION OF A PURCHASE AGREEMENT FOR UBISOFT ENTERTAINMENT SA SHARES

London, May 12and2022 – Guillemot Brothers Limited announces that Guillemot Brothers Limited and a bank have implemented today an extension of an agreement initially dated September 1, 2017 and initially relating to the acquisition by Guillemot Brothers Limited of 2,000,016 Ubisoft Entertainment SA shares .

The aforementioned agreement (as amended) notably provides for the financing by this bank of the acquisition of the initial shares of Ubisoft Entertainment SA by Guillemot Brothers Limited, and the conclusion of extended hedging agreements relating thereto, for a now extended period. until or around September 19, 2024. In this context, Guillemot Brothers Limited granted a call option whereby Guillemot Brothers Limited undertook to sell the Ubisoft Entertainment SA shares covered by this financing to the bank. and the bank granted a put option whereby the bank agreed to purchase the shares of Guillemot Brothers Limited. These call and put options are exercisable under certain conditions provided for in this agreement, on the expiry of the financing mentioned above, and will be settled either in cash or in shares, at the option of Guillemot Brothers Limited.

The financed shares are pledged in favor of the bank, which may borrow them from Guillemot Brothers Limited under certain conditions provided for in the related pledge agreement.

Attachment

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Extension of the exclusivity ban to the lowest paid workers https://lowdimension.net/extension-of-the-exclusivity-ban-to-the-lowest-paid-workers/ Tue, 10 May 2022 06:05:15 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/extension-of-the-exclusivity-ban-to-the-lowest-paid-workers/ On May 9, the government announced its intention to extend the ban on exclusivity clauses in employment contracts for the lowest paid workers. In 2015, the government made exclusivity clauses for zero-hours workers unenforceable, allowing them to hold multiple jobs to supplement their income. Now the government is proposing to extend this protection to workers […]]]>

On May 9, the government announced its intention to extend the ban on exclusivity clauses in employment contracts for the lowest paid workers.

In 2015, the government made exclusivity clauses for zero-hours workers unenforceable, allowing them to hold multiple jobs to supplement their income. Now the government is proposing to extend this protection to workers earning less than £123 a week.

Business Minister Paul Scully said in the government press release:

“By extending the ban on exclusivity clauses, we are giving more control to the lowest paid, giving them the freedom to decide who they work for and how often, including the ability to top up their wages if they work.” they want it.”

The government says the new protections would benefit around 1.5 million workers and provide them with flexibility in their working practices. However, some might think the government’s proposals don’t go far enough to protect low-wage workers, and its impact will be minimal. Time will tell if the proposals will have a significant impact on the lives of the lowest paid people in society, who are already struggling as the cost of living crisis takes hold.

You can read the government’s press release here: Lowest paid workers will be able to top up their wages under government reforms – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

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Chambers Seek Common Ground on Tollway Extension | Local News https://lowdimension.net/chambers-seek-common-ground-on-tollway-extension-local-news/ Sun, 08 May 2022 14:00:00 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/chambers-seek-common-ground-on-tollway-extension-local-news/ The Citrus County Chamber of Commerce has partnered with the Ocala and Dunnellon Chambers to ask the state to work with them on a northbound turnpike expansion route that addresses concerns environmental and other commons. “We seek to be your partners in ensuring that if a toll highway extension is ultimately built, it will be […]]]>

The Citrus County Chamber of Commerce has partnered with the Ocala and Dunnellon Chambers to ask the state to work with them on a northbound turnpike expansion route that addresses concerns environmental and other commons.

“We seek to be your partners in ensuring that if a toll highway extension is ultimately built, it will be of the most benefit to our communities,” reads a letter jointly signed by the three entities.

These concerns are:

Get more of the Citrus County Chronicle

● Farmland preservation areas, including the character and culture of farmland and horse farms and other elements “that make our communities unique”.






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● Existing conservation lands owned by the State of Florida and the Southwest Florida Water Management District.

● Rainbow Springs, karst regions and other environmentally sensitive areas.

● Preservation of wildlife habitats and safe access corridors.

● Existing residential neighborhoods and schools.

● Existing commercial/industrial areas.

● Global and local strategic plans.

“(We have) done much to listen to the concerns of our businesses and residents and have already worked hard to help calm the rhetoric and correct the misinformation that has been circulating,” reads the letter, signed by Citrus President and CEO. Chamber, Josh. Wooten and his counterparts at the Dunnellon Chamber & Business Association and the Ocala Metro County Chamber & Economic Partnership.

“By joining forces on this toll highway issue, we believe we can be an asset not only to our communities, but also to (the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) in assisting in the accurate dissemination of information” , reads the letter, addressed to Jared Perdue, secretary of the FDOT, and Nicola Liquori, executive director of Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise.

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VTA Board Approves South Bay BART Expansion Contract – NBC Bay Area https://lowdimension.net/vta-board-approves-south-bay-bart-expansion-contract-nbc-bay-area/ Fri, 06 May 2022 22:03:16 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/vta-board-approves-south-bay-bart-expansion-contract-nbc-bay-area/ BART took a step closer to reaching downtown San Jose and Santa Clara on Thursday when the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority’s board of directors unanimously approved the first major contract to build an extension BART in the heart of Silicon Valley. VTA spokeswoman Bernice Alaniz said on Thursday that the first contract for the […]]]>

BART took a step closer to reaching downtown San Jose and Santa Clara on Thursday when the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority’s board of directors unanimously approved the first major contract to build an extension BART in the heart of Silicon Valley.

VTA spokeswoman Bernice Alaniz said on Thursday that the first contract for the tunnel and track works, worth $235 million, had been awarded to Kiewit Shea Traylor, a joint venture. This is an evolving design-build contract.

VTA is building the BART extension to Santa Clara County. The first phase of the expansion brought trains to Milpitas and the Berryessa neighborhood of San Jose in late 2019.

The second phase is a six-mile-long extension from the Berryessa BART station to downtown San Jose and ultimately to Santa Clara.

The contract approved Thursday will be executed in stages, Alaniz said. It will include a survey of innovations, engineering and design, open book cost estimates and schedule of works.

The first stage of activities is expected to begin this month and last until approximately December 2023, paving the way for major construction that includes drilling the tunnel under downtown San Jose.

Three other contracts will be considered in the future for Systems, Stations and Santa Clara Station and Maintenance Yard.

VTA’s BSVII project is a four-station, six-mile extension that will bring BART service from Berryessa/North San Jose through downtown San Jose to the city of Santa Clara, includes three stations with underground platforms (28th Street/Little Portugal, Downtown San Jose and Diridon), a ground station (Santa Clara), a train maintenance and storage facility at Newhall Yard and additional facilities. Five of the six-mile alignments are planned to be constructed in a large-diameter single-hole tunnel, with the one-mile level rail remaining.

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DHS increases automatic extension of work authorizations for certain people | Jackson Lewis CP https://lowdimension.net/dhs-increases-automatic-extension-of-work-authorizations-for-certain-people-jackson-lewis-cp/ Wed, 04 May 2022 17:20:39 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/dhs-increases-automatic-extension-of-work-authorizations-for-certain-people-jackson-lewis-cp/ Effective May 4, 2022, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is increasing the automatic work authorization extension from 180 days to 540 days for certain individuals. Currently, certain individuals whose employment authorization documents (EADs) expire may continue to work for an additional 180 days as long as they timely submit a replacement EAD and receive […]]]>

Effective May 4, 2022, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is increasing the automatic work authorization extension from 180 days to 540 days for certain individuals.

Currently, certain individuals whose employment authorization documents (EADs) expire may continue to work for an additional 180 days as long as they timely submit a replacement EAD and receive notice of receipt, I-797C, in the same employment eligibility category. Given that actual processing times for replacement EADs are currently 11.6 months, a significant number of employees do not receive their replacement EAD within the 180-day period and cannot legally continue to work. This DHS rule change, effective May 4, will extend the 180-day period to 540 days from the card’s expiration date.

Applicants who are already eligible for 180-day extensions are also eligible for the new 540-day extension beyond the expiration date of their EADs. Categories include persons with pending adjustment of status applications, spouses of E, L, and H visa holders (with unexpired Form I-94, arrival/departure records), applicants asylum seekers and people with temporary protected status who may also be eligible. for some automatic country extensions.

To be eligible, applicants must also continue to:

  • Have currently pending EAD renewal applications that were filed on time (even if the person’s 180-day extension has already expired); or
  • Timely file an EAD renewal application between May 4, 2022 and October 26, 2023.

For those already in an authorization gap, employment authorization will resume on May 4, 2022 and will continue for up to 540 days from the EAD expiration date. Unfortunately, the new rule does not remedy any unauthorized employment that may have accrued prior to May 4, 2022.

After May 4, 2022, to complete an Employment Authorization Verification Form I-9 for a person entitled to the new 540-day extension, the person must present the receipt notice indicating a filed EAD renewal. in a timely manner in the same category as the expired EAD. DHS will update its webpage with information about the 540-day extension. He will recommend that a copy of the webpage be attached to the I-9. If a person was terminated because their 180-day extension expired, the employer can recheck or re-verify Form I-9.

In the new rule, DHS outlines all the reasons for the arrears, including tax issues, personnel issues, increased filings, and the COVID-19 pandemic. DHS says it hopes that by the time the rule’s provisions expire, processing times will have returned to more normal levels — the agency’s 90-day processing goal.

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UVM Health Network and UnitedHealthcare extend their contract until May 12 https://lowdimension.net/uvm-health-network-and-unitedhealthcare-extend-their-contract-until-may-12/ Mon, 02 May 2022 17:05:00 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/uvm-health-network-and-unitedhealthcare-extend-their-contract-until-may-12/ The University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington in 2019. Photo by Glenn Russell/VTDigger The University of Vermont Health Network, the state’s largest healthcare provider, and UnitedHealthcare, the nation’s largest health insurer, have extended their current contract through May 12 as they work out details of a new provisional agreement. The two parties have been […]]]>
University of Vermont Medical Center
The University of Vermont Medical Center in Burlington in 2019. Photo by Glenn Russell/VTDigger

The University of Vermont Health Network, the state’s largest healthcare provider, and UnitedHealthcare, the nation’s largest health insurer, have extended their current contract through May 12 as they work out details of a new provisional agreement.

The two parties have been negotiating a new one-year contract for months. The current contract was originally set to expire on April 1.

“(The) current contract is extended through May 12 to provide additional time to finalize the terms of the agreement,” UnitedHealthcare spokesman Cole Manbeck said. “Our members continue to have access to UVM facilities and physicians through May 12 as we continue to finalize the terms of the global agreement.”

UVM Health Network spokeswoman Annie Mackin confirmed the contract extension.

Neither side was willing to provide details.

UnitedHealthcare told its customers in February that it would stop covering their care at UVM Health Network as a network starting April 1. The insurer said 5,000 Vermonters risk losing in-network coverage if the standoff continues.

In late March, UnitedHealthcare and UVM Health Network reached a last-minute deal to extend their contract through April 30 while continuing to negotiate.

The latest extension means UnitedHealthcare promises to continue to cover healthcare at UVM Health Network for less than two more weeks.

The insurer and the healthcare network are at odds over how much UnitedHealthcare should reimburse UVM Health Network for the care. Their dispute left patients at UVM Medical Center in Burlington, Central Vermont Medical Center in Berlin, Porter Medical Center in Middlebury and three hospitals in upstate New York wondering where they would get care.

The dispute between the insurer and the health network is limited to employer plans. Supplemental Medicare, Medicaid, and veterans care are not affected.

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Finding Help in the Garden from WSU Extension Publications | Life https://lowdimension.net/finding-help-in-the-garden-from-wsu-extension-publications-life/ Sat, 30 Apr 2022 08:00:00 +0000 https://lowdimension.net/finding-help-in-the-garden-from-wsu-extension-publications-life/ Spring is here. The days are getting longer and the snow line is finally moving away. So let’s talk gardening. Specifically, let’s talk about vegetable and herb gardening. But first, a little background. Last fall, I finally bought a little corner of the Palouse and with it, a little space to garden. I had always […]]]>

Spring is here. The days are getting longer and the snow line is finally moving away.

So let’s talk gardening. Specifically, let’s talk about vegetable and herb gardening.

But first, a little background.

Last fall, I finally bought a little corner of the Palouse and with it, a little space to garden. I had always wanted a vegetable garden and couldn’t wait for it to be ready for spring. However, I had little experience in landscaping a garden.

Luckily, I’m an agricultural librarian at Washington State University, which means I interact with practitioners in WSU’s extension programs and the resources they create. So even if I knew little about the layout of a garden, I knew where to find the answers to my questions.

This article will talk about these useful resources. You can access all of these resources for free by using your favorite search engine to search for the name of the publication. You can also find links to the resources I mention, and many more, using the WSU Libraries Open Gardening Guide: libguides.libraries.wsu.edu/openhort

My goal is to grow lots of tomatoes and herbs, as well as an assortment of other vegetables. I did the math, and the money I spend each year on tomatoes and basil is significant. Such are the dangers of growing up in an Italian family.

Knowing what I wanted to grow, my first task was to find the sunniest part of my yard. There are several ways to track the sunshine in your garden. You can make a sun map based on your observations. There are even a few apps to help you out. For me, finding the sunniest space in my yard was simple because so much of it is shaded.

Then I had to choose between building raised beds or planting directly into the ground. I found the WSU extension fact sheet “Raised Beds – Deciding if They Benefit Your Vegetable Garden (FS075E)” to be a fantastic resource.

After reading this document, I decided to build raised beds, mainly. My yard is on a slope which could cause drainage and erosion problems if I planted directly in the ground. Also, I have an apple tree not too far from my proposed garden and I didn’t want to risk damaging its roots.

I wanted to build my beds as cheaply as possible and went for non-chemically treated wood. There is an ongoing and very lively discussion regarding the use of treated wood in vegetable gardens (see FS075E for more information). I found suitable materials to use in a few places, including the Habitat for Humanity store in Moscow.

Finally, after measuring twice and cutting more times than I care to admit, I had built a set of patio planters.

To complement these garden boxes, I also decided to use containers for gardening, as suggested in the WSU Snohomish Master Gardener Extension newsletter, “Growing Vegetables in Containers.”

To fill my beds and containers, I had soil from a previous project that I combined with compost. The extension resource, “Backyard Composting” (Home Garden Series) (EB1784E) provides the information needed to ensure successful composting.

I am also interested in the conservation and canning of my harvest. The WSU Extension Bulletin, “Home Vegetable Gardening in Washington” (EM057E) is a very helpful resource regarding each stage of canning planning.

In addition to the materials provided by WSU’s extension programs, there are also opportunities to take classes and interact with expert gardeners. WSU’s Master Gardener Extension Program exists in every county in Washington. The University of Idaho also has a Master Gardener Extension Program.

Luftig is the agricultural librarian and Washington State University. You can reach him at david.luftig@wsu.edu.

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