Burundi: IPC Analysis of Acute Food Insecurity, June 2021 – March 2022 | Posted in December 2021 – Burundi
How many and when? The current analysis period from June to September 2021 coincides with the harvest and post-harvest period marked by relatively good food availability: for this period, more than 1 million people (9% of the analyzed population) are classified. in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), while more than 4 million people (34%) are classified in Stress (IPC Phase 2) and more than 6.6 million people (57% of the analyzed population) are food secure (IPC Phase 1). Over the two projection periods, the highly food insecure population in times of crisis (IPC Phase 3) is likely to increase to over 1.44 million people (12% of the analyzed population) over the course of the two projection periods. of the first projection period (October-December 2021: lean period) before falling to just over 1 million people (9%) in the second projection period (January-March 2022), which covers the harvest of the 2022A season.
Where and who? The current analysis has classified all livelihood zones (LZs) as Stressed (IPC Phase 2). There are, however, a few isolated pockets strongly impacted by recurrent flooding due to the rising waters on the coast of Lake Tanganyika, but this does not influence the classification of the entire area: this is the case of the Plaine de the Imbo livelihood zone. People in crisis (IPC Phase 3) are mainly those affected by floods and landslides in the west, those affected by the after-effects of water scarcity during the first agricultural season, those who have recently returned in their areas of origin and who have not yet recovered their livelihoods, and those whose livelihoods are fragile are now affected by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2), the livelihood zones of the Northern Depressions, Eastern Depressions, Wetlands and Drylands continue to record higher proportions of Crisis populations compared to other areas.
Why? Recurring climatic hazards, displacement, intense repatriation and the COVID-19 pandemic in a context of low resilience of the populations are the main factors at the origin of the food insecurity identified by this analysis. The analysis shows that the low resilience linked to structural problems of poverty and the lack of access to solid and diversified livelihoods is a major contributor to the food insecurity experienced by the majority of affected households. The main recent shocks are the persistent floods (rise in the water level of Lake Tanganyika and flooding of rivers) that have occurred along the coast of Lake Tanganyika – now under humanitarian assistance (from Gatumba in the north via Rumonge to Lake Nyanza in the south) – since late 2020, leading to displacement and loss of livelihoods for thousands of households. The after-effects of the water shortage that occurred in part of the northern lowlands during the 2021A season, as well as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic activities, especially in border areas with neighboring countries , together with pressure from returnees, are also determining factors of food insecurity in some regions.