65 million listed tribes subject to multidimensional poverty: UN report

The latest report on the Multidimensional Poverty Index found that the listed tribes make up 9.4% of the total population and are the poorest in the country. A total of 129 million people live in multidimensional poverty in the country, and 65 million of them belong to the listed tribes. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Oxford Initiative on Poverty and Human Development released the Global Report on Multidimensional Poverty. The Index Caste (SC) followed the ST group with 94 million out of 283 million, about 33 percent living in conditions of multidimensional poverty.

Similarity in OBC group

According to The new Indian express, the report further mentioned that 27.2 percent of the other backward class (OBC), which accounted for 160 million of the total OBC population of 588 million residing in India, fell into the poverty category. The OBC group showed a lower incidence but similar intensity compared to the listed caste group. The newspaper further stated: “Overall, five out of six multidimensionally poor people in India live in households headed by a listed tribe, listed caste or other backward class.”

500 million from seven countries

Excluding women from education has a huge impact on societies around the world. Globally, 1.3 billion people live in multidimensional poverty, and almost two-thirds of 836 million live in households in which no woman has completed at least six years of schooling. A maximum of the 836 poor were from the sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia region. Seven countries accounted for over 500 million, including India (227 million), Pakistan (71 million), Ethiopia (59 million), Nigeria (54 million), China (32 million), Bangladesh (30 million) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 million).

India is among the top five countries with the highest population of people in multidimensional poverty. The report mentions that nearly half of the poor population is made up of families with at least one woman. However, in India, almost 12% of the population lives in households headed by women. Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator, said: “The COVID-19 pandemic has eroded development progress around the world, and we are still striving to understand all of its impacts.”

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